E Poster Presentation
ePoster Presentation
Iffat Wajiha
Assistant Professor
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Biography :

Dr. Wajiha Iffat is presently working as assistant professor in Faculty of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences, Dow college of pharmacy, DUHS. She did her graduation (B.Pharm) and post-graduation degree in pharmacy from University of Karachi. She also holds D.H.M.S degree. She has obtained M.B.A. (marketing) from K.U.B.S, Karachi University in 2010. She has recently obtained her Ph.D. degree in Pharmaceutics, under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Harris Shoaib from department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Karachi. She started her professional career by working as production control inspector in Abbott Laboratories (Pak) Ltd. She has also worked as trainer in project “a well-managed GP clinic program” that was launched by IOBM in collaboration with Snofi Aventis. She started her academic career in 2006 as lecturer. She joined Dow college of Pharmacy in 2008. Apart from academic activities, she was actively engaged as quality management system coordinator where her main task was to improve the quality of education system. She has also served as lead auditor and auditor in DUHS. She has also served as focal person in execution of various co-curricular and extra-curricular activities. She has around 50 publications to her credit. Her main research interest includes formulation development and optimization, method development and validation, marketing and management, pharmaco-economics and pharmacy practice. She has attended and presented in seminars and symposiums organized by various academics institution.

Abstract :

Context: Health care worker are prone to occupational injuries thereby exposing them blood-borne pathogens. One of the important public health care concern in developing countries is the prevalence of infections owing to the prevalence of the blood Bourne patogens resulting from occupational injuries.  Objective: the present study was designed and conducted to analyze and evaluate knowledge of Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) for the Management of Occupational Exposures to to Bloodborne Pathogens. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted during janurary-July, 2018 in different health care setups. Health care workers in tertiary care setting were assessed for PEP by requesting them to fill and submit the survey form. All Health care workers at risk were invited to participate. Results: Most of the respondents were working in laboratories and around 60% of the respondents were aware of the factors contributing to PEP. Around 60% of the Respondents were also aware of lab tests that should be carried out for the determination of exposed person susceptibility to a bloodborne pathogen infection Conclusion: The present study highlights the significance of appropriate training to prevent Occupational exposures. Professionals should be educated about post-exposure prophylaxis and there should be clear instruction about PEP prevention.

ePoster Presentation
Marie Saito
Teacher
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Biography :

Marie Saito is enrolled in the doctoral course of International University of Health and Welfare graduate school of nursing Tokyo,Japan and is working as a teacher of a Jikei nursing school.

Abstract :

Aims: This study aimed to clarify the associations among the scores on the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT), protein intake, and Subjective Diet-related Quality of Life (SDQOL) scale in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods: Outpatients aged 30?90 years in the Department of Respiratory Medicine in a hospital, who were diagnosed with COPD at the first diagnosis, were retrospectively reviewed using the brief dietary history questionnaire (BDHQ); CAT, SDQOL scale, respiratory function test, and blood test were analyzed using SPSS Ver.25. Results: From 10,513 patients diagnosed with COPD at the first diagnosis, 98 patients (COPD, ACO, BA) with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who consented to participate and were selected by exclusion criteria, were investigated. Comparison between two groups of CAT shows significant difference in disease name, mMRC, treatment for infections in the last month, body height, body weight, estimated energy requirement, energy intake, carbohydrate, vitamin D, grains, and SDQOL using Mann-Whitney U test and ??square test. In the multiple logistic regression analysis (variable increase method), CAT and protein intake affected SDQOL (odds ratio [95% confidence interval], CAT: 1.089 [1.026-1.156] p = 0.005, protein: 0.977 [0.961- 0.994] p = 0.008). Conclusion: CAT, protein intake, and SDQOL were associated in patients with stable chronic respiratory disease. The disease-specific QOL evaluation scale, protein intake, and the SDQOL scale could be related in terms of their assessment of patients with stable chronic respiratory disease. Ethics and Dissemination: Ethical approval has been granted by Ethics Committees of the hospital and International University Health and Welfare (Ref: 16-Ig-92, Ref:28-271 (8514)).

ePoster Presentation
Sadia Shakeel
Assistant Professor
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Biography :

Sadia Shakeel is working at Dow University of Health Sciences | DUHS · Dow College of Pharmacy

Abstract :

Context:  Despite the pharmaceutical products prescribed for Food and Drug Administration–approved indications, off-label uses may have deficiency of rigorous scientific scrutiny. Regardless of concerns about patient care and health care expenditure, little is known about the frequency of off-label drug use or the degree of scientific evidence supporting this practice. Objectives: The current study was conducted to observe the opinion and of label prescribing practices of physicians in Karachi, Pakistan Methods  A cross sectional study was conducted during Feb-July, 2018 in different health care setups. Health care workers were assessed for prescribing practice of off label prescribing in children by requesting them to fill and submit the survey form. Multivariate analyses were used to identify drug-specific characteristics predictive of increased off-label use. Results: The current study revealed that physicians often used the practice of off label prescribing in children. Majority of physicians considered that off label prescribing is safe if used with strong scientific research. Conclusions  Off-label medication use is common in patient care, and most occurs without scientific support. Efforts should be made to scrutinize underevaluated off-label prescribing that compromises patient safety or represents wasteful medication use.

ePoster Presentation
Wajiha Iffat
Assistant Professor
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Biography :

Wajiha Iffat is presently working as assistant professor in Faculty of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences, Dow college of pharmacy, DUHS. She did her graduation (B.Pharm) and post-graduation (M.Pharm) degree in pharmacy from University of Karachi. She also holds D.H.M.S degree. She has obtained M.B.A. (marketing) from K.U.B.S, Karachi University in 2010. She has recently obtained her Ph.D. degree in Pharmaceutics, under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Harris Shoaib from department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Karachi. She started her professional career by working as production control inspector in Abbott Laboratories (Pak) Ltd. She has also worked as trainer in project “a well-managed GP clinic program” that was launched by IOBM in collaboration with Snofi Aventis. She started her academic career in 2006 as lecturer. She joined Dow college of Pharmacy in 2008. Apart from academic activities, she was actively engaged as quality management system coordinator where her main task was to improve the quality of education system. She has also served as lead auditor and auditor in DUHS. She has also served as focal person in execution of various co-curricular and extra-curricular activities. She has around 50 publications to her credit. Her main research interest includes formulation development and optimization, method development and validation, marketing and management, pharmaco-economics and pharmacy practice. Dr. Wajiha has attended and presented in seminars and symposiums organized by various academics institution.

Abstract :

Context: Fruits are an excellent source of many nutrients, such as minerals, fiber, vitamin and health-promoting phytochemicals, many of which are still being identified. Pyrus communis L. is a valuable fruit that has been widely used since prehistoric times. It is a wealth of many antioxidants that combat various degenerative diseases and provide a number of health benefits. Objective: The present study was designed and conducted with the aim to evaluate the anxiolytic activity of Pyrus communis fruit extract using the animal model. Methodology: The hydro-alcoholic fruit extract of Pyrus communis was evaluated for their phytochemical constituents and the total content of flavonoid was determined by the aluminium chloride colorimetric method. Quercetin was used as a standard drug. The anxiolytic activity was evaluated using the open field test and forced swim test (FST). Result: The result showed that fruit extract exhibits the positive anxiolytic effect in open field (p < 0.05), and FST (p < 0.001), when compared with escitalopram. The phytochemical analysis of Pyrus communis fruit extract revealed the presence of several bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, sugars, and phenolics. Conclusion: The present finding suggests that Pyrus communis fruit extract has significant anxiolytic potential. However, further studies are needed to identify the active principles and their relationship to biological activities. Key Words: Anxiolytic activity, hydro-alcoholic fruit extract, Pyrus Communis, Total flavonoids content.

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